This Science for Policy report published by the EU Joint Research Center (JRC) examines how the green and digital transitions can achieve success. Both the green and the digital transitions are political priorities of the European Commission that will shape the bloc’s long-term future. While these simultaneous, or ‘twin’, transitions, have the potential to reinforce each other in many areas, they are not automatically aligned. For example, digital technologies have substantial environmental footprints that go against the targets of the green transition. This is why a proactive and integrative approach to managing the twin transitions is important to ensure their successful implementation.
This report offers an analysis of how to ensure that the two transitions are mutually beneficial. In doing so, the study focuses on five of the most greenhouse gas emitting sectors: 1) agriculture, 2) buildings and construction, 3) energy, 4) energy-intensive industries, and 5) transport and mobility. Based on this analysis, the report sets out the key requirements for the success of the EU’s green and digital transitions.