MEE: China's Policies and Actions for Addressing Climate Change (2022)

Information Source: The website of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment


Climate change is a common challenge for humankind and bears on its sustainable development. China has always attached great importance to tackling climate change, unremittingly pursuing green development and actively promoting a community of harmony between humanity and nature.

Over recent years, under the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, especially Xi Jinping Thought on Promoting Ecological Civilization, China has thoroughly and faithfully implemented the new development philosophy, established a new development paradigm and made efforts for high-quality development. It has implemented a national strategy of proactively responding to climate change by giving it higher priority in the national governance system and strives for further progress by integrating the goals of carbon dioxide peaking emissions and carbon neutrality into China's overall plans for promoting Ecological Civilization and economic and social development, focusing on forming a synergy between reducing pollution and controlling carbon emissions to promote a comprehensive transformation towards environment-friendly economic and social development.

Since2021, China has actively implemented the Paris Agreement on climate change, updating its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) goals, earnestly carrying out effective and well-conceived actions and making significant progress in meeting the targets of carbon dioxide peaking and carbon neutrality. China has put in place “1+N” policy framework for carbon dioxide peaking and carbon neutrality, developed a mid-term and long-term strategy for controlling greenhouse gas emissions, accelerated the development of a national carbon market, and formulated and implemented the National Strategy for Climate Change Adaptation. Based on preliminary calculations, in2021, the carbon intensity of China dropped by 3.8 percent and 50.8 percent from the level respectively in 2020 and 2005, the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption rose to 16.6 percent, the total installedcapacity of wind and solar power generation combined increased to 635 million kilowatts, the coal consumption per unit of GDP dropped significantly, and the forest coverage and stock have both risen over the past 30 consecutive years. By the first anniversary of national carbon trading system, the cumulative volume of carbon emission allowances (CEA) was 194 million tonnes, and the cumulative turnover CNY 8.492 billion.

This report is released to summarize China's progress in responding to climate change since 2021 and share its experience and approaches with the international community.

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